OurIndonesia – Before he was appointed as Minister of Defence by three presidents consecutively, Juwono was best known as a scholar and an expert on politics and international relations. He was born in West Java, 05 March 1942. His father was a Minister of Home Affairs during the Soekarno era. His studied at the University of Indonesia and then continued his graduate studies in the Netherlands, the United States and the United Kingdom. He obtained his PhD from London School of Economics, majoring in international relations.
Prof. Juwono is among a few politicians who served as a minister in the Soeharto era and in the era of democratic transition. In the Soeharto era, he was appointed as Minister of Environment. In the Post-Soeharto era, he served as Minister of Education during the era of BJ Habibie, as Minister of Defence under President Abdurrahman Wahid, president Megawati Soekarnoputri, and president Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono. (LA)